Despite Gap being 99.9% white when I was growing up, I don’t believe Gap set out to be
. I don’t think Gap was consciously or
purposefully or actively set out to be segregated. By the same token, comparing the 1950s and
today is even more nonsensical than comparing apples and oranges. White Town, USA
The black people of the day lived on Zion Hill, the rise between Christiana and Atglen. It was settled, I remember being told, by people who came north by the underground railroad. Not all that far from Zion Hill was the site of the Christiana riot.
“On September 11, 1851, Christiana was the site of the Battle of Christiana (also called the Christiana riot), in which the local residents defended with firearms a fugitive slave, killing the slave owner. Southerners demanded the hanging of those responsible, who were accused of treason and making war on the
, but after the first
defendant was acquitted, the government dropped the case.” (Wikipedia) United States
I understand that Zion Hill is the perfect argument for
and the Black
Ghetto. So how can I argue that it
wasn’t segregation? I think that historically
people settled in homogenous communities.
In that respect, because there were white settlers, white communities
started by default. African Americans
came here under different circumstances and settled in their own communities. White
The first two African Americans I had any contact with were Grace and Albert Wilson, my grandparents
’s of “the help.” They were around when I was very young,
probably pre-school young. Honey was a
good cook, but a wife and mother in her position, Gap’s upper class, would not
have been expected to cook a lot or clean the mansion. She would also have been expected to dine
with company and not interrupt conversation by going to and coming from the
kitchen; she’d step on a buzzer the floor to summon the next course. Enter Grace. Walker
Albert, whom I remember as being tall and old, had two jobs. One was working at the mill. The other, to which he was second to none, was as Five Corners’ groundskeeper. He had three yards, a rock garden, an eternally long hedge, and an untold number of trees and bushes to tend to, and tend to them he did. The yard under the trees proper shouldn’t have had grass, owing to the tree shadow. It was elegant. A yard surrounded the house. The two were separated by a rock garden with ivy and flowers. I remember being with Honey when she and Albert were planting flowers. Honey would dig a hole, plant the plant, and pack it in, but under Albert’s watchful eye. The other yard was west of the barn…I imagine an exercise area for the horses. The hedge started at the steps of the main entrance, ran up the hill to the mill, then bordered the entire length of the property and fenced in the exercise area. It was always trimmed, as was the grass, as was the rock garden, as were the many bushes around the property. My arms and back ache thinking of how much work Albert did and how beautifully he did it.
Keeping the house spotless was no picnic, either. I didn’t know Grace as well as I now wish I had. I remember her fondly, though. A large woman of average height, she was always in a black dress and, I think, maybe frequently a white apron. Maybe a hat, but I couldn’t swear to it. My mother would tell me to stay out of Grace’s way when she was busy. Sadly, “busy” was most of the time. And when she sat at the kitchen table, she was taking her coffee break and resting and I shouldn’t bother her. I remember sitting at the table – she had her coffee and she’d give me a Coke or ice tea. I don’t know what we talked about, but sometimes the conversations or stories extended into cleaning time and she’d invite me to join her. Honey, Grace, and I would also sit at the kitchen table for lunch.
I’ve never had great endurance. I suspect I was more hindrance than help when I was with Albert. I remember him as a man with lots of talent and skill…and patience. She baked good stuff and had a laugh that warmed my cockles. I do remember asking her why the color of her skin and the color of mine were different. She told me, “Because God wants it that way.” It made sense to me then; it still makes sense to me some 60 years later.
Speaking of God, the most wonderful culinary treats happened when Grace and Albert invited my family to their church suppers at Mt. Zion AME. There was the slight feeling of being an outsider, but what did that matter when food was concerned? Besides, I could see Grace in the kitchen and Albert being sociable. I wouldn’t be surprised if I didn’t like the food the first time. I mean, there was nothing even remotely Pennsylvania Dutch about it. Then I figured that was the point, that it was extremely rare that I experienced such different and surprising tastes in my mouth. I anticipated those dinners.
I understood The Help right away. Grace and Albert were the first adult non-relatives I felt close to. Especially Grace. Trying to keep up with Albert was hard. It was easier to tag along after Grace. It was entirely appropriate that she was the one who taught me we’re all pretty much the same. And I’m so fortunate that she shared the music of her laughter.